What Do the Socialists Want? What is socialism? The simplest way to find the answer to these questions is to ask yourself: "What do I want? What do the tens of millions like me throughout the world want?" Everyone has different tastes, different ambitions, different hopes. But almost all are agreed in wanting durable peace in a world free of the scourge of war; security and prosperity in place of unemployment and low standards of living; freedom and equality in place of special privileges, special rights and special powers for the minority, in place of the rule of the many by the few.