After sixteen years of war, on 6 September 1991, Morocco and the POLISARIO, the national liberation movement in Western Sahara, reached a ceasefire agreement, sponsored by the UN, for the holding of a self-determination referendum in which the Sahrawi people will decide their fate. This referendum has not yet taken place; until November 13 this year the ceasefire agreement was still in force.
What happened then in Western Sahara?
The ceasefire agreement, within the framework of Military Agreement No. 1, established areas in which both Moroccan troops and those of POLISARIO could not enter. One of these areas is the El Guerguerat border crossing, south of Western Sahara, next to the border with Mauritania. But Morocco violated the agreement by allowing the traffic of trucks with merchandise to Mauritania.
Since 21 October, a group of Sahrawi protesters blocked the route in a peaceful manner, protesting against the illegal plundering of the territory's natural resources. On 13 November Moroccan troops crossed the military post, to dismantle the protest and burn the civilian camp, who had to be assisted by the Saharawi People's Liberation Army.
As a result of these events and the demonstrated ineffectiveness of the international community in solving a conflict that has lasted for more than 45 years, the POLISARIO front has ended the ceasefire agreement with Morocco.