According to one account in 2013, 47% of jobs in the USA risk being automated away within “a decade or two”. That prospect has been interpreted as utopia or as dystopia. The near future will be one of networked individuals freed from drudgery by automation, and able easily to get what they want to consume and to undermine all hierarchies. Or: only a techno-elite will retain employment and wages. The rest of us will be reduced to a new pauper class vegetating on “universal basic income” handouts.
Further research has queried the projections. Many tasks can be automated, but jobs involve more