Warsaw wrote two brilliant chapters in its history during the war, and also entered a dark blot on its pages.
The first was the uprising, against the Nazi occupation, of the Jews of the Warsaw ghetto, starting on 19 April 1943 and lasting about six weeks. This struggle of the Jews, and especially of the Jewish workers, against overwhelming odds is one of the most glorious episodes in the book of struggles of oppressed peoples and labour for freedom.
The second event took place a year and a half later in October 1944. This, often referred to as the Warsaw Insurrection, was the work of the